History of Mining in Alaska - Page 2

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**Alaska Mining History 2006

The Hot Springs and Tolovana-Livengood districts, mined in the same era and adjacent to the Fairbanks District, have produced 580K and 530K ounces, respectively.From 1908 to 1910 Iditarod joined the gold rush districts and produced over 1.5 million ounces of gold. This centrally located discovery led to others in the area including the Innoko-Tolstoi-Ophir district at 730K ounces and the Aniak-Tuluksak district at 588K ounces of production.

A high-grade gold deposit was discovered between the Matanuska and Susitna basins in 1886 and became the Independence Mine. The mine contributed almost 172K ounces to the Willow Creek Hatcher Pass district’s production of 666K ounces.Before the Klondike gold rush in 1896, two Creoles named Pitka and Sorresca made discoveries along Birch Creek and caused several prospectors to arrive at what is now known as the Circle mining district. The Circle district has produced 1 million ounces of gold.

Gold was discovered at Valdez Creek in 1903 by J.C. Clarkson, John M. Johnson, James S. Smith and Peter Monahan from Valdez, for which the creek was named. The Valdez Creek Mine operated on the tributary during 1984 - 1996 reaching peak annual production rates of 100K ounces. The district has produced a recorded 510K of gold.

The Goodnews Bay platinum placer deposit was discovered in 1938. Mining by a floating dredge produced over 500,000 ounces of platinum since that date.

Other important discoveries include:
• 1968 Red Dog—The richest zinc deposit in the world
• 1974 Quartz Hill—In southeast Alaska, a very large, high grade molybdenum deposit
• 1979 Greens Creek—A rich polymetallic deposit mined for silver, gold, zinc, and lead
• 1984 Ft. Knox—A large low grade intrusion-hosted gold deposit in the Fairbanks district
• 1987 Pebble Copper—One of the largest gold, copper, molybdenum deposits in the world- contains 65 M ounces gold, 50.6B pounds of copper, 3.1B pounds of molybdenum
• 1988 Donlin Creek—Large refractory gold deposit in the Aniak mining district between the Kuskokwim and Yukon Rivers; contains a 28.4 M ounce gold resource
• 1994 Pogo—Large high grade underground operation commissioned in 2006
• 1995 MAN—Potentially large copper-nickel-platinum resource near Paxson
• 2005 LMS, Whistler, Terra—Potentially large gold discoveries in the Interior

**This is an excerpt from a 2006 report entitled Alaska Mineral Industry, produced by State of Alaska Dept. of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development and is in the public domain.
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